Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by inflammation of the joints. A well-balanced diet goes a long way in reducing pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. Fruits, vegetables, and complex grains are great sources of minerals and also reduce the inflammation. Similarly, there are certain foods that increase inflammation and should be steered clear of. Diet cannot totally eradicate this health problem but will help the person in managing its symptoms better.
Let Us Explore The Various Foods That Should Be Eaten And Avoided By Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Foods To Eat-
Fish and fish oil are both good for arthritis patients as they contain omega 3 fats which are known to reduce inflammation and ease the pain in the bones and joints. Their intake is said to reduce morning stiffness and cold water fishes like herring, salmon, tuna, mackerel etc are great sources of omega 3 fats which help in relieving the joint pain.
Olive oil is a very healthy fat and is known to reduce the level of toxicity and inflammation caused by other chemicals in the body. It thus provides relieve to arthritis patients.
Deep And Dark Colored Fruits And Vegetables
Fruits like strawberries, cranberries, melons, cherries, and oranges etc which have bright colors are high in antioxidants and protect the bones and joints from damage. Similarly, colorful vegetables like broccoli, bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, and more, are rich in vitamins, minerals which are essential for the general upkeep of the bones, and also contain fibers and antioxidants that can reduce joint inflammation.
Spices like turmeric, should form an essential part of the diet as it is anti-inflammatory and pain relieving in nature. Turmeric contains curcumin, which has the unique ability to reduce inflammation to the cellular level. Hence, turmeric must be incorporated into the diet as it could ease the pain and soreness in the joints of arthritis patients.
Like turmeric, ginger too has pain relieving properties and can reduce inflammation and its regular intake can ease the joint stiffness.
A moderate drinking of red wine is not only good for the heart and skin, it contains compounds that are said to reduce the inflammation in the body and bring about relief from pain.
Complex whole grains foods have substantial fibers in them which are good for bone health. These fibers can reduce the amounts of C-reactive protein in the blood which is known to lead to inflammation in the joints.
Blackstrap molasses has many minerals and vitamins including magnesium which is essential for the upkeep of bones. It maintains bone health and keeps them strong and healthy which means less of bone diseases, joint stiffness, and inflammation.
The antioxidants in green tea make it a great option for arthritis patients to add this tea to their diet. It reduces inflammation and is also rich in vitamin K.
This herb has many medicinal properties and people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis who eat coriander on a regular basis, have reportedly to experience lesser soreness and inflammation in the joints.
Foods To Avoid-
Snacks like burgers, hams, meat and chicken, which have been fried and grilled in oil for a longer period, are said to increase inflammation in the body. Arthritis patients should avoid excess consumption of fried foods which contain trans fats and saturated fats, as they are very harmful to the body and can increase the pain and swelling in the joints.
Omega 6 Fats
These are essential fats are found in corn, sunflower, safflower, soybean etc, but at times if they become excess in the body, the imbalance can lead to inflammation. They can also lead to obesity and increase the swelling and pain in the joints. Arthritis patients should take care as to not consume high amounts of food containing omega 6 fats.
Though moderate amounts are permissible, but when a person is suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, the body is in an inflammatory state and even a small amount of inflammatory agent can increase the joint pain and swelling.
Processed foods which are cooked in white flour are extremely bad for health and also increase the symptoms related to arthritis. White bread, pasta, crackers, white rice, and potato are all high glycemic index foods that increase inflammation in the body.
Limit your intake of sugar to control inflammation in the body. They release cytokines which are inflammation causing agents and leading to aggravating of symptoms in arthritis patients.